Nehbandan  is a city in, and the capital of, Nehbandan County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 15,998, in 3,817 families. The majority of people are Persians speaking a Farsi dialect called Nehi. A large number are Baloch and speak the Balochi language. Besides from that there are many afghans living in the area, both refugees and second or third generation afghans.